Data Recovery Methods

Archaeological Plan for Fort Huger in Virginia

Site map of Fort Huger

Within the excavation area at site 44IW0204, there are four debris piles and two depressions with a nearly east to west alignment.  The debris piles and depressions were subsequently divided into three features, Features 601-603.  Features 601 and 603 each consist of one debris mound.  Feature 602 consists of two debris mounds and two depressions.  The boundaries of each feature were determined through probing and defined by brick and stone debris.  They were then drawn in plan view and photographed.

A baseline was established across the entire excavation area from east to west.  The baseline was used as a centerline for an excavation trench 3 ft wide by 85 ft long.  Trench excavations were conducted in sections that focused primarily on the delineated features.

The trenches were excavated so that the trench floor was level with or slightly deeper than the ground surface outside of the mound.  Brick clusters were left in situ and trowels were used to remove the surrounding dirt.  The trench excavations allowed us to view the stratigraphy of the mounds and determine if any intact structural remains (i.e., foundation, fire box) were present.

The portion of the debris mounds immediately north and south of the excavated trench at each feature were then removed to further explore the possibility of intact structural remains.  The fill was excavated using flat shovels.  Trowels were used to excavate areas around brick and stone concentrations.  The fill from these excavations was not screened.  However, artifacts were collected if encountered during the excavation.

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